Hot spots are surface skin infections triggered when populations of typical skin germs grow and overwhelm normal resistance.
They are usually circular patches that lose hair, can be swollen, in extreme cases may exude stinky pus, and can be painfully itchy triggering the dog to scratch, lick, or bite to the point of self mutilation. When touched, unattended hot spots can spread out and provoke a typically even-tempered dog to roar or nip.
Dogs most susceptible to locations are those with heavy coats and histories of allergic reactions, ear infections, fleas infestations, irritated anal sacs and grooming problems such as hair tangles and mats. The most common area for locations is the legs, feet, flanks and rump. If the dog is continually scratching, these localized infections can also appear on the ears, neck, and chest.
What To Do?
To deal with hot areas cut the hair around the sore to prevent further spread of the infection and expose the edges of the lesion. Here are over-the-counter items to discourage the dog from chewing and licking.
I likewise utilize a product called Sulfodene which specifically for hot areas. (Department shops, grocery shops, etc.) If dealt with early hot spots may vanish in day or 2. Dust the spot several times a day to dry any wetness and soothe the itch.
Creams and lotions are not recommended due to the fact that they can seal in the infection and hinder recovery. A recommended lotion may be needed if the location ends up being infected. At this stage the location needs to examined by a veterinarian for treatment. Some animal owners require a quick fix for the issue and aren't tolerant of vets who need return sees. Some veterinarians will provide you that quick fix by prescribing steroids for allergic reactions. This quick fix is called Prednisone. Nevertheless, you are setting your Bichon up for serious problems later on in life if you do this consistently. If you use the Prednisone do so moderately. One or two times a month throughout allergic reaction season followed by antihistamines.
A steroid given over and over can impact the balance of cortisol in the dog resulting in a condition called Cushing's Syndrome.